Options for Code of Conduct IFOAM traders
The "Hand in Hand" criteria have been based on the IFOAM Basic Standards of Fair Trade and Human Rights. Further the definitions and requirements of the SA 8000 of the CEP (Council on Economic Priorities) are taken into consideration. The below mentioned general social standards have to be complied with all involved organisations in the production chain. The "Hand in Hand" partner must at least comply the criteria which are signed with (MIN). The other criteria should be improved and can be in progress, but they should be complied in the long run.
1.1 Child Labour:
1. The 'Hand in Hand' Concept recognise the complex nature of child labour and how difficult it is to define the child labour from the point of view of an industrialised country. Man children work within the family in order to increase family income, this is not usually a problem, and such unofficial child work can only be eradicated by a kind of economic development. However, such work should not interfere with the child's education or be harmful to the child's health of physical, mental, spiritual, moral or social development (UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1998)
2. Children shall not be employed during school hours and that combined hours of daily transportation, school and work time does not exceed 10 hours a day. Children shall not be employed in situations where they are separated from their parents or guardians, nor should they be made to work to pay off loans given as advances for this work.
3. The "Hand in Hand" partner shall not permit nor support the use of child labour, as defined in the definition above. (MIN)
1.2 Young worker:
1. Young worker shall not be employed during school hours and that combined hours of daily transportation, school and work time does not exceed 10 hours a day. Further young workers are not employed at night (SA 8000).
2. Work of young workers or apprenticeships are not being misused in order to pay young workers less than adults, while demanding the same amount of work from them (SA 8000).
1.3 Social Security:
1. Social security should meet at least the standards of as prescribed by legislation in the respective countries. (IFOAM) (MIN)
2. The social security is considered as an important goal of the "Hand in Hand" partner. It shall be seen to it that for all employees maternity benefits, health insurance and retirement benefits are guaranteed, if not prescribed by national law.
1.4 Health and Safety:
1. The "Hand in Hand" partner shall provide a safe and healthy working environment for its employees. Also they shall provide to all workers adequate protection when hazardous and combustible substances are used. (MIN)
2. A processing company, plantation or co-operative should appoint a senior management representative responsible for the health and safety of all personal.
3. All workers in the company should have access to functional sanitary facilities, potable water and if appropriate food storage. (IFOAM/SA 8000) (MIN)
1.5 Working Hours
1. The "Hand in Hand" partner shall comply with applicable laws and industry standards on working hours. (MIN)
2. Overtime hours are voluntary worked and must be paid in extra wages or free time. It shall be ensured that overtime does not exceed 12 hours per employee per week.
3. Employees should have the possibility to take at least one day off for every seven day period.
1. The "Hand in Hand" partner shall not interfere with the exercise of the right of personnel to observe tenets or practices, or to meet needs relating to race, caste, national origin, religion, disability, gender, sexual orientation, union membership, or political affiliation. (SA 8000) (MIN)
1.7 Forced labour
1. The "Hand in Hand" partner shall not engage in or support the use of corporal punishment, mental or physical coercion, and verbal abuse. (SA 8000) (MIN)
2. All workers have a verbal or written employment contract. (SA 8000). (MIN)
2.0 In general:
1. Organisations shall be politically independent. (MIN)
2. Management and administration of the organisations are structured in a transparent way, members are regularly informed about the activities. (FLO)
3. Organisations have to be at least organic-certified according to EC regulation 2092/91.
2.1 Farmers´ organisation / Co-operative (Co-op)
1. The Farmers' organisation / Co-op should be statutorily open to new members. Further Women should be actively supported to become member of the Farmers'organisation / Co-op. (MIN)
2. The executive and policy should be democratically controlled. This is to be done by a board, largely of members, directly elected regularly by the full membership on the basis of one person - one vote. (AEC, FLO). (MIN)
3. The executive policy shall be clearly and understandable formulated for all members of Farmers'organisation / Co-op.
4. Prices paid to the farmers should meet at least the costs of production, the basic needs of the farmer /member and to provide some discretionary income. (AEC) (MIN)
5. The Farmers'organisation / Co-op should actively support its members in securing the continuity of their farm enterprise.
6. There must be a system of equal sharing of profits in the Farmers'organisation / Co-op (AEC)
2.2 Foodprocessing / Plantations or factories with employees
1. All employees, when doing the same job, shall have equal wages and they must have equal occupational opportunities irrespectable of colour creed and gender. (IFOAM) (MIN)
2. The wages must meet at least the legal minimum that is applicable in the corresponding region or nation for similar work.(AEC). They shall always be sufficient to meet basic needs of personnel and to provide some discretionary income. Such assured living wages should be based upon negotiations between collective employees, including seasonal labourers and employers. (IFOAM) (MIN)
3. The "Hand in Hand" partner shall respect the right of all personnel to form and join trade unions of their choice and to bargain collectively. (MIN)
4. The "Hand in Hand" partner shall allow union representatives to enter the workplace.(IFOAM/AEC)
5. The labour conditions in a processing company should not affect the workers health regarding noise, dust, light and exposure of chemicals. (MIN)
6. All plantation workers and their families should have access to potable water, food, housing, education, transportation, health services and house-gardens. (IFOAM/SA8000)
3. Contract and purchase conditions
3.0 In General
1. Hand in Hand - contracts can be concluded between Rapunzel and the organisation if the organisation is already certified by accredited Fair Trade Labelling Organisations (FLO) or if the organisation fulfils the "Hand in Hand" criteria (must: minimum criteria, others can be in progress). (MIN)
2. The "Hand in Hand" certification is done once a year either by the Inspector of the organic certifying body or consulting companies or development organisations.(MIN)
3.1 Conditions for Exporters/processor and Farmer´s organisations/co-operatives:
1. Long term relationship with Rapunzel shall be established.(FLO)
2. The "Hand in Hand" partner and also intermediary traders must prove, by showing documents, that the additional organic and fair premium paid by Rapunzel, benefits the farmers/members directly or through a fund, over which the farmers/members have a right of say. (IFOAM) (MIN)
3. Method and timing of payment must be clear and in agreement with the farmers/workers. (AEC) (MIN)
4. Verbal or written purchase contracts should be provided to the farmers. These contracts should give clear information about the price calculation. (MIN)
4. Obligations for Rapunzel
1. Long term relationship with the 'Hand in Hand' partners (FLO)
2. Guaranteed purchase agreements
3. Rapunzel supports the processing in the region of origin of the product, if quality meets the required standard.
4. Rapunzel is paying costs of "Hand in Hand" certification.
5. Rapunzel pays a minimum price for the products, which shall cover costs of productions basic needs and include a discretionary income for workers and farmers. The eco premium which is paid from Rapunzel shall cover the additional costs for organic cultivation and processing matters.
6. Rapunzel shall see to it that if not by national law required, Social Security should include maternity, sickness benefits and if possible retirement benefits. (IFOAM)
7. Rapunzel shall support its partner in promoting education for children/youth. (look also point 9)
8. Continues and direct support by Rapunzel food technologist and agronomist to improve agricultural and processing matters.
Annually Rapunzel contributes 1% of the purchase value to the 'Hand in Hand' fund managed by the German Environment Aid (Deutsche Umwelthilfe = DUH). This money is intended for the countries/region where Rapunzel sources its raw materials for 'Hand in Hand' products. Projects and organisations like Co-operatives, worker committees or a NGOs , are able to use the funds. 'HAND IN HAND' Partner can also source donations for improving the standard of living of the workers or farmers from the 'HAND IN HAND' funds of Rapunzel. The 'HAND IN HAND' Partner itself can make a proposal, if they have a committee of workers/farmers which decides about the use of the donation and administrate the funds or if they cooperate with an NGO. Further the 'HAND IN HAND' partner can also give references for other projects in the respective region or countries. The Projects shall be implemented in fields such as health, education, child/youth support, and women's projects, conservation/environmental projects and organic agriculture. Information's how to apply, is available by: DUH, Güttinger Str. 19, D-78317, Radolfzell. E-mail: email@example.com, Fax: 0049 7732 999577.
last updated: 24 october 2000