Options for Code of Conduct IFOAM traders
The basic code is as follows:
1. (name of company) recognises its responsibilities to workers for the conditions under which its products are made or its services are provided and that these responsibilities extend to all workers producing or providing products or services for (name of company) whether or not they are employees of (name of company).
2. Any workers producing or providing products or services manufactured, sold or distributed by (name of company) must be provided with living wages and decent working conditions, and the international labour standards established by Conventions 29, 87, 98, 100, 105, 111, 135 and 138 of the International Labour Organisation must be observed.
3. (name of company) will require its contractors, their sub-contractors, principal suppliers and licensees (franchise-holders) to provide these conditions and observe these standards when producing or distributing products or components of products for (name of company) or when providing services sold by (name of company). (name of company) will, prior to placing orders with principal suppliers, engaging contractors and subcontractors or granting licenses (franchises), assess whether the provisions of this Code can be met.
4. For the purposes of this code the term contractor shall mean any natural or legal person who contracts with (name of company) to perform work or provide services. The term "sub-contractor" means any natural or legal person who contracts with a contractor, as defined above, for the purpose of performing work or providing services related to or as part of an agreement with (name of company). The term "principal supplier" means any natural or legal person who provides (name of company) with materials or components used in the final products, or the final products, sold by (name of company). A principle supplier may be a person who provides services where these services are considered part of the final product provided by the (name of company). The terms "licensee" and "franchise-holder" mean any natural or legal person who, as part of a contractual arrangement with (name of company), uses for any purpose the name of (name of company) or its recognised brand names or images.
5. (Name of company) and its contractors, their subcontractors, principal suppliers and licensees (franchise holders) involved in the production and/or distribution of products or services for (name of company) shall ensure that:-
EMPLOYMENT IS FREELY CHOSEN
There shall be no use of forced, including bonded or involuntary prison, labour (ILO Conventions 29 and 105). Nor shall workers be required to lodge "deposits" or their identity papers with their employer.
THERE IS NO DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT
Equality of opportunity and treatment regardless of race, colour, sex, religion, political opinion, nationality, social origin or other distinguishing characteristics shall be provided (ILO Conventions 100 and 111).
CHILD LABOUR IS NOT USED
There shall be no use of child labour. Only workers above the age of 15 years or above the compulsory school-leaving age, whichever is higher, shall be engaged (ILO Convention 138). Adequate transitional economic assistance and appropriate educational opportunities shall be provided to any replaced child workers.
FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION AND THE RIGHT TO COLLECTIVE BARGAINING ARE RESPECTED
The right of all workers to form and join trade unions and to bargain collectively shall be recognised (ILO Conventions 87 and 98). Workers representatives shall not be the subject of discrimination and shall have access to all workplaces necessary to enable them to carry out their representation functions. (ILO Convention 135 and Recommendation 143)
Employers shall adopt a positive approach towards the activities of trade unions and an open attitude towards their organisational activities.
LIVING WAGES ARE PAID
Wages and benefits paid for a standard working week shall meet at least legal or industry minimum standards and always be sufficient to meet basic needs of workers and their families and to provide some discretionary income.
Deductions from wages for disciplinary measures shall not be permitted nor shall any deductions from wages not provided for by national law be permitted without the expressed permission of the worker concerned. All workers shall be provided written and understandable information about the conditions in respect of wages before they enter employment and of the particulars of their wages for the pay period concerned each time that they are paid.
HOURS OF WORK ARE NOT EXCESSIVE
Hours of work shall comply with applicable laws and industry standards. In any event, workers shall not on a regular basis be required to work in excess of 48 hours per week and shall be provided with at least one day off for every 7-day period. Overtime shall be voluntary, shall not exceed 12 hours per week, shall not be demanded on a regular basis and shall always be compensated at a premium rate.
WORKING CONDITIONS ARE DECENT
A safe and hygienic working environment shall be provided, and best occupational health and safety practice shall be promoted, bearing in mind the prevailing knowledge of the industry and of any specific hazards. Physical abuse, threats of physical abuse, unusual punishments or discipline, sexual and other harassment, and intimidation by the employer is strictly prohibited.
THE EMPLOYMENT RELATIONSHIP IS ESTABLISHED
Obligations to employees under labour or social security laws and regulations arising from the regular employment relationship shall not be avoided through the use of labour-only contracting arrangements, or through apprenticeship schemes where there is no real intent to impart skills or provide regular employment. Younger workers shall be provided the opportunity to participate in education and training programmes.
6. Contractors, subcontractors, principal suppliers and licensees (franchise-holders) shall undertake to support and co-operate in the implementation and monitoring of this code by:-
7. Contractors, subcontractors, principal suppliers and licensees (franchise-holders) found to be in breach of one or more terms of the code shall lose the right to produce or organise production of goods for (name of company) or to provide services for (name of company).
8. Questions as to the interpretation of the meaning of the provisions of the code shall be resolved according to the procedure outlined in the (name of implementation and monitoring agreement between the company and trade union and any other organisations)
9. The provisions of this code constitute only minimum standards. (name of company) does not intend, will not use, and will not allow any contractor, subcontractor, principal supplier or licensee to use these minimum standards and conditions as maximum standards or as the only conditions permitted by (name of company) or to serve as the basis for any claim as to what standards or conditions of employment should be provided.
last updated: 24 october 2000